The Angkor monument which was registered on the UNESCO world heritage list in 1992 as a monument of universal value for human being is registered at the same time as a monument exposed to the crisis. Its conservation and restoration are becoming an imminent task. The Japanese Government, based on such situation, formed Japanese Government Team for Safeguarding Angkor (JSA, Director General by Professor Takeshi Nakagawa of Waseda Univ.) in 1994 as a project by UNESCO/Japan Trust Fund for the Preservation of the World Cultural Heritage.
Although the Angkor Monument is not only a symbol of the traditional culture of the Kingdom of Cambodia and that of the unity of her people but also a cultural treasure of Asia, it is in great danger of destruction now. The Japanese government has been cooperating in the preservation of monuments as a part of its activities in international cultural exchange and has been conducting cooperative projects in different countries. At the Angkor Monument JSA is extending support with the hope that in the future the Cambodian people themselves may be able to carry out preservation activities.
A total of more than 680 experts in man-days have been engaged in conservation and restoration activities in Angkor in cooperation with approximately 180 Cambodian staff members. JSA is involved not only in the actual work of conservation and restoration, but in the transfer of techniques to local staff and human resources development as well. Furthermore, by holding symposiums and publishing reports on its work and homepages, JSA is making the records of its conservation activities and scientific research more readily available to experts from the outset of the project, and is contributing to the promotion of international exchange among the public and dissemination of information.